Bowmans Strategic Clock

Wednesday, November 3, 2021 8:16:52 AM

Bowmans Strategic Clock



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Contact us to discuss how to proceed. This list holds details on members as well as contact information for other individuals, the latter being held for unknown and in some cases dubious reasons in the database of the BNP. Please see British National Party membership and contacts list, for more information. How to contact WikiLeaks? What is Tor? Tips for Sources After Submitting. Contact us if you have specific problems If you have a very large submission, or a submission with a complex format, or are a high-risk source, please contact us. What computer to use If the computer you are uploading from could subsequently be audited in an investigation, consider using a computer that is not easily tied to you.

Do not talk about your submission to others If you have any issues talk to WikiLeaks. Act normal If you are a high-risk source, avoid saying anything or doing anything after submitting which might promote suspicion. Remove traces of your submission If you are a high-risk source and the computer you prepared your submission on, or uploaded it from, could subsequently be audited in an investigation, we recommend that you format and dispose of the computer hard drive and any other storage media you used. If you face legal action If a legal action is brought against you as a result of your submission, there are organisations that may help you. Submit documents to WikiLeaks. Shop Donate Submit. Flatpack furniture outlet IKEA is a great example of the hybrid strategy.

The differentiation strategy is equated with high perceived value. Because of this, brand equity is high — allowing businesses to compete in highly competitive markets. Ultimately, the consumer chooses to pay a higher price for a product they could purchase elsewhere for less. Starbucks is a company who use the differentiation strategy to their advantage. Focused differentiation is where most luxury brands reside. They have extremely high perceived value and a price to match. Companies such as Rolex and Ferrari are competitive in this sphere through product promotion to their highly targeted audience.

Brand equity is similarly very high. As the name suggests, this is a high-risk strategy where businesses set high prices without offering much value in return. Often, they are relying on brand equity to drive sales. Inevitably, a competitor will enter the market and offer a product for similar perceived value but at a lower price. Businesses who offer gym memberships are one such example. A company who enjoys a monopoly over its market is less concerned about perceived value or pricing. This is because the consumer is reliant on the business for the products and services that it offers. Thus, perceived value is often low and so too is brand equity. Despite total market share, monopolies are difficult to obtain and such companies are often dissolved by regulatory bodies.

The loss of market share strategy involves products with low perceived value but with disproportionately high pricing. When the iPhone was first launched in , it quickly rendered the dominant Blackberry obsolete. As noted above, exchange control approval may be required from the Financial Surveillance Department of the SARB or an authorised dealer a bank. Transactions that involve changes of control may trigger contract counterparty consent requirements. An offeror may, save in the case of a mandatory offer, include a minimum acceptance condition e.

Where appropriate, the offeror and its concert parties or related parties are excluded from voting on a particular resolution to approve a proposed transaction. The cash confirmation — either an irrevocable guarantee by a South African bank or an irrevocable unconditional confirmation from a third party to the effect that sufficient cash is held in escrow in favour of the holders of the relevant securities for the sole purpose of fully satisfying the cash offer commitments — must be delivered to and approved by the TRP prior to the offer being announced.

The firm intention announcement must specify details of the cash confirmation. The cash confirmation must be available throughout the offer period. Yes, although schemes of arrangement and statutory mergers require the cooperation of the target and its board. An approach with a view to an offer being made may be made only to the board of the target company. The identity of the ultimate offeror must be disclosed to the board. A board that has been approached may require reasonable evidence that the offeror is, or will be, in a position to implement the offer in full. Confidentiality rules apply to any negotiations between an offeror and an independent board, and confidentiality must be observed before a cautionary announcement or firm intention announcement is published.

The target board is certainly relevant. Without its support, a scheme or statutory merger is not an option. On receipt of a firm intention letter, the target board must satisfy itself that an offeror can perform in terms of the proposed offer. It is also required to constitute an independent board to consider and opine on the merits of the offer, and communicate that to shareholders. The target board is generally expected to adopt a neutral stance during an offer period and may not take any action that could have the effect of frustrating a bona fide offer or denying shareholders the opportunity to decide on its merits.

However, there is nonetheless some scope for the target board to carry out defensive actions through, among other things, deploying technical defences, rallying key stakeholders against a bid that is perceived as hostile, and making regulatory approval processes difficult for the bidder. As mentioned above, schemes or statutory mergers are not available in a hostile bid scenario. The hostile bidder must adopt a tender offer and will not be able to carry out preliminary due diligence beyond publicly available information or coordinate its offer with the cooperation of the target and its advisors. In a friendly scenario, the parties are able to prepare joint circulars and announcements. An offeror would, in the ordinary course, have access to all publicly accessible information on the target.

A target is not obliged to allow a bidder a right to conduct due diligence. The Takeover Regulations require that negotiations between an offeror and the target board must be kept confidential. If confidentiality cannot be maintained or there has been a leak of price sensitive information, or there is a reasonable suspicion that a leak has occurred, that information must immediately be disclosed in a cautionary announcement. This firm intention announcement must contain, among other things: the identity of the offeror and its concert parties; details of the cash confirmation if any ; the salient terms and conditions of the offer; the consideration offered; the class of securities affected; the estimated posting date for the circular; details of any beneficial interests held by the offeror and its concert parties; and details of any irrevocable undertakings given to the offeror.

Under the Takeover Regulations, in order for any incorrect statement made in relation to an offer not to become enforceable or binding, the statement must be repudiated by all reasonable means by the person who made it. The FMA requires a person who has directly or indirectly made or published in respect of listed securities, or past or future performance of a listed company, a statement that is false or misleading or deceptive regarding any material fact, must, without delay, publish a full and frank correction with regard to such statement.

Generally, shares may be bought outside the offer process subject to insider trading rules and applicable disclosure and transparency rules described at question 5. If shares are bought outside the offer process but during the offer period or when one is reasonably in contemplation, then the buyer may not buy shares if there are favourable terms and conditions attached to the acquisition that are not being extended to all other holders of the relevant shares. Yes, but this is subject to the anti-price manipulation and insider trading rules of the FMA. Additionally, instruments that are convertible to securities may be subject to disclosure obligations if they are convertible to instruments with voting rights.

This applies irrespective of whether the acquisition or disposal was made directly, indirectly, individually or in concert with any other person, and options and other interests in securities must be taken into account. The target then publishes details of the relevant disclosure on the SENS to inform shareholders and the market. Any allowable dealings during the offer period by an offeror or its concert parties must be disclosed to the TRP when effected, and the person who made the disclosure to the TRP must publish an announcement on the SENS of the dealings disclosed.

Moreover, the Takeover Regulations require a target to share information with a less welcome but bona fide bidder on the same basis as it did to the preferred bidder. In the context of an offer, this is permitted provided it does not amount to frustrating action described below that has not been approved by shareholders and the TRP. Offerors are entitled to approach key shareholders of the target to seek irrevocable undertakings or letters of support in respect of a proposed offer. In friendly transactions, it may be possible to obtain board recommendations in favour of the transaction upfront and include them in a joint firm intention announcement and combined offer circular.

Common commercial conditions relate to minimum acceptance thresholds and material adverse changes MAC , although the latter are viewed with caution by the TRP. It is common for regulatory approvals to be included as deal conditions to an offer. Only regulatory approvals may be invoked as conditions for a mandatory offer and no commercial conditions e. MACs are permitted. The TRP will review conditions prior to permitting their publication in an announcement or circular.

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