Sigmund Freuds Understanding Of The Psychology Of Religion

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Sigmund Freuds Understanding Of The Psychology Of Religion



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Sigmund Freud's POOR Argument for Atheism - Psychoanalysis \u0026 Religion

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Kraut, Richard. Gardner took the complicated rit Lehmann, Arthur C. Home Page Freud's Psychology of Religion. Freud's Psychology of Religion Powerful Essays. Open Document. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Sigmund Freud, born in , was originally an Austrian medical doctor who would eventually continue on to become the Father of Psychoanalysis. Freud remains an analogous symbol with psychology, not only because of his psychological school, but also because of the controversy surrounding many of his theories. Freud was raised Jewish, but his ideals changed by psychoanalyzing himself. Freud was active in the late 19th and early 20th century, which is apparent in his strict focus on using science to understand the unknown. With the development of both the scientific method and theory of evolution, the age of positivism was born.

Aside from the influence of objective knowledge, Freud was also greatly impacted by physics. By using energy to explain the human psyche, Freud created a pseudo-tangible e Florence: Routledge, Freud, Sigmund. The Future of an Illusion. Strachey, James. New York City: W. Jonte-Pace, Diane E. Ewing: University of California Press, Jung, C. Modern Man In Search of a Soul. He even wrote several books focused on the topic of religion. Learn more about Freud's complicated relationship with religion as well as some of his thoughts on religion and spirituality.

Religion, Freud believed, was an expression of underlying psychological neuroses and distress. While he was very upfront about his atheism and believed that religion was something to overcome, he was aware of the powerful influence of religion on identity. He acknowledged that his Jewish heritage, as well as the antisemitism he frequently encountered, had shaped his own personality. My culture, my attainments are German. I considered myself German intellectually until I noticed the growth of anti-Semitic prejudice in Germany and German Austria.

Since that time, I prefer to call myself a Jew," he wrote in So how did Freud feel about religion? In some of his best-known writings, he suggested that it was an "illusion," a form of neurosis, and even an attempt to gain control over the external world. Among some of Freud's most famous quotes on religion, in his book "New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis" , he suggested that "religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from its readiness to fit in with our instinctual wishful impulses.

In "The Future of an Illusion," Freud wrote that "religion is comparable to a childhood neurosis. In the book "New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis," he suggested that "Religion is an attempt to master the sensory world in which we are situated by means of the wishful world which we have developed within us as a result of biological and psychological necessities. While fascinated by religion and spirituality, Freud was also at times quite critical. He critiqued religion for being unwelcoming, harsh, and unloving toward those who are not members of a specific religious group. From "The Future of an Illusion" : "Our knowledge of the historical worth of certain religious doctrines increases our respect for them, but does not invalidate our proposal that they should cease to be put forward as the reasons for the precepts of civilization.

On the contrary! Those historical residues have helped us to view religious teachings, as it were, as neurotic relics, and we may now argue that the time has probably come, as it does in an analytic treatment, for replacing the effects of repression by the results of the rational operation of the intellect. Some of his most critical comments can be found in his text "Civilization and Its Discontents. Furthermore—a point which I failed to appreciate elsewhere—they claim to redeem mankind from this sense of guilt, which they call sin.

And why, then, should you not pluck at my laurels? You respect me; but how if one day your respect should tumble? Take care that a falling statue does not strike you dead! You had not yet sought yourselves when you found me. Thus do all believers — Now I bid you lose me and find yourselves; and only when you have all denied me will I return to you. To many, Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud defined the world of psychology. Their theories, although differing, have had the greatest impact on our perception of the human mind, and their contributions to theory and practice have led to the development of successful psychological treatments for the wide spectrum of human distress.

Yet their paths were not always so different. At the beginning of this colourful history was a friendship, a camaraderie based on intellectual prowess and impassioned desire to further the study into the unconscious psyche. To a 31 year-old Jung, Freud embodied a not only an esteemed colleague, but also a father figure with whom he could open his heart and mind. Likewise to Freud, Jung was energetic and an exciting new prospect to the psychoanalytical movement.

But this power dynamic changed, and along with it their friendship. In a case of the student becoming the teacher, by the time of his break with Freud in Jung was internationally known for his own contribution to psychological theory. What was the cause between their intellectual break, and where did their differences lie? In the battle of Freud vs Jung, was there a winner? Although raised by a relatively poor Jewish family, Freud planned to study law at the University of Vienna. He later changed his mind and opted for medicine.

Upon graduating, Freud began work in a psychiatry clinic in the Vienna General Hospital. By: Enrico. Psychiatry at this time took no interest in the psychological components of mental health, but simply viewed behaviour in light of the anatomical structures of the brain. Freud had by now also developed his therapeutic technique of free association and was no longer practicing hypnosis. From this he went on to explore the influence of unconscious thought processes on various aspects of human behaviour and felt that amongst these forces the most powerful were the sexual desires in childhood which were repressed from the conscious mind. Although the medical establishment as whole disagreed with many of his theories, in Freud, along with a group of pupils and followers, founded the International Psychoanalytic Association, with Carl Jung as president.

By and the arrival of the Nazis in Austria, Freud left for London with his wife and children. However, throughout this time he was plagued by cancer of the jaw, and after undergoing 30 operations, died in London on 23rd September But while Freud had first thought Jung the heir apparent to psychoanalysis, the relationship between the two began to rapidly deteriorate. By: Arturo Espinosa. Jung likened the collective unconscious to a reservoir which stored all the experiences and knowledge of the human species, and this was one of the clear distinctions between the Jungian definition of the unconscious and the Freudian.

Jung had an inexhaustible knowledge of mythology, religion and philosophy, and was particularly knowledgeable in the symbolism connected to traditions such as Alchemy, Kabala, Buddhism and Hinduism. Utilising this vast knowledge, Jung believed that humans experienced the unconscious through numerous symbols encountered in various aspects of life such as dreams, art, and religion. His concepts of introversion and extraversion have contributed extensively to personality psychology and have also greatly influenced psychotherapy.

Disagreement 1: The Unconscious Mind. One of the central disagreements between Jung and Freud was their differing conceptions of the unconscious. He saw it as a storage facility for all hidden sexual desires, resulting in neuroses, or what we would nowadays call mental illness. He declared that the human mind centres upon three structures — the id, the ego and the super ego. The id forms our unconscious drives mainly sex , and is not bound by morality but instead only seeks to satisfy pleasure.

The ego is our conscious perceptions, memories and thoughts that enable us to deal effectively with reality. The superego attempts to mediate the drives of the id through socially acceptable behaviours.

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