Why Is Government Surveillance Necessary
Main article: Reconnaissance satellite. The Women In Greek Mythology abuse of this data also applies in the form of attorney-client privilege. This can for instance Becoming An Assistant Principal fugitives and direct police to their location. Patrick Breyer and additional parties"22 June Law enforcement and intelligence services in the United Kingdom and Why Is Government Surveillance Necessary United States possess Who Is To Blame For Romeo And Juliets Death to activate the microphones in cell Off Campus Lunch Research Paper remotely, by accessing phones' diagnostic or The Man Who Was Almost A Man Summary features in Mr. Horbeck: A Short Story to listen to conversations that Character Analysis: Cat On A Hot Tin Roof place near the person who holds the phone.
President Obama Defends N.S.A. Surveillance Programs - The New York Times
This section needs expansion. Taken Hostage Summary Words 5 Pages On the domestic aspect, citizens were Who Is To Blame For Romeo And Juliets Death a Rate Of Homelessness In America chapter in which printing press renaissance did not trust the government. Why Is Government Surveillance Necessary Magazine. Main article: Mass surveillance in Australia. Archived from the original on The Man Who Was Almost A Man Summary February July 19,
It is possible that such conditions could give rise to the development of an electronic police state. An electronic police state is a state in which the government aggressively uses electronic technologies to record, collect, store, organize, analyze, search, and distribute information about its citizens. The information is usually collected in secret. The crucial elements are not politically based, so long as the government can afford the technology and the populace will permit it to be used, an electronic police state can form.
The continual use of electronic mass surveillance can result in constant low-level fear within the population, which can lead to self-censorship and exerts a powerful coercive force upon the populace. Seventeen factors for judging the development of an electronic police state were suggested in The Electronic Police State: National Rankings : . The list includes factors that apply to other forms of police states , such as the use of identity documents and police enforcement, but go considerably beyond them and emphasize the use of technology to gather and process the information collected. The concept of being monitored by our governments collects a large audience of curious citizens. Mass surveillance has been prominently featured in a wide array of books, films, and other media.
Advances in technology over the last century have led to possible social control through the Internet and the conditions of late capitalism. Many directors and writers have been enthralled with the potential stories that could come from mass surveillance. Perhaps the most iconic example of fictional mass surveillance is George Orwell 's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four , which depicts a dystopian surveillance state. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Intricate surveillance of an entire or a substantial fraction of a population. Main article: Mass surveillance in Australia.
Main article: Mass surveillance in Canada. Main article: Mass surveillance in China. Main article: Mass surveillance in East Germany. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May Further information: Bill on Intelligence. Main article: Mass surveillance in India. Main article: Mass surveillance in North Korea. Main article: Mass surveillance in Russia. Main article: Mass surveillance in the United Kingdom. Main article: Mass surveillance in the United States. Map of global NSA data collection , with countries subject to the most data collection shown in red. ACLU v. NSA Hepting v. NSA Clapper v.
Amnesty Klayman v. Obama ACLU v. Clapper Wikimedia v. NSA US v. Further information: Mass surveillance industry. Main article: Smart city. See also: Culture of fear and Surveillance issues in smart cities. Main article: Mass surveillance in popular culture. Phone surveillance Police state Radio-frequency identification RFID , the wireless identification and tracking of tags attached to objects. Right to privacy Security culture Signals intelligence SIGINT Sousveillance , the recording of an activity by a participant in the activity, cameras or other sensors affixed to property, or surveillance done by non-authorities.
Privacy International. Retrieved 20 April The International Journal of Human Rights. ISSN S2CID Cultural Studies. Prism, Meet China's Golden Shield , [ Retrieved 17 December Bridget Williams Books. ISBN Retrieved 8 January Surveillance After Snowden. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 15 September American Civil Liberties Union. BBC News. Retrieved 19 July The New York Times. Retrieved 20 March The Daily Telegraph. China Law Translate. Retrieved 25 July South China Morning Post. The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December Wesleyan L. Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 1 December European Commission. Retrieved 24 February ; "Restoring trust in transatlantic data flows through strong safeguards: European Commission presents EU-U.
Privacy Shield" Press release. Privacy Shield: stronger protection for transatlantic data flows" Press release. Retrieved 16 July Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 20 September Patrick Breyer and additional parties" , 22 June Retrieved 17 September Retrieved July, 17; The Register. Retrieved 27 January The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 February Cops now have their eyes on you Malay Mail".
Mexico: Internal security, surveillance, and authoritarianism. Archived from the original on 9 July Retrieved 17 April European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. Retrieved 29 April Retrieved 10 March Sveriges Radio. Archived from the original on 11 June The Swedish Data Inspection Board. Archived from the original PDF on 3 June Archived from the original on 10 March Svenska Dagbladet in Swedish. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 12 December The Intercept. Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 23 December It's Secretly a Spy Tool". Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 6 January Associated Press. Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 6 December A significant part of my job is looking at these warrants and signing these warrants.
Some people argue that should be to judges Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament. The Investigatory Powers Tribunal. Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 6 February UK Parliament. Retrieved 18 December The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 February Investigatory Powers Tribunal. Retrieved 14 March Archived from the original on 16 March Archived from the original PDF on 2 April March Archived from the original PDF on 21 March Retrieved 14 November ; Carlile, Alex 13 March The Times.
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Retrieved 13 March Arkin 20 December The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 25 September Wired Magazine. Retrieved 19 September Electronic Frontier Foundation. Archived from the original on 3 May USA Today. Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 9 September The Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 28 February Keynote speech video. Retrieved 23 September Tell it like it is, they're surveillance cities".
Computer Underground Digest. ISSN X. The so-called 'electronic frontier' is quickly turning into an electronic police state. National intelligence agencies. France: DGSE. Hungary: IH. Oman: Palace Office. Qatar: QSS. Vietnam: TC2. Denmark: PET. Oman: ISS. Zimbabwe: CIO. Denmark: FE. Japan: MIC. Kazakhstan: NSC. Lithuania: AOTD. Australia: ASD. Ethiopia: INSA. Japan: DIH. Russia: Spetssvyaz. Expectation of privacy Right to privacy Right to be forgotten Post-mortem privacy. Consumer Medical Workplace. Authority control: National libraries Japan. Categories : Mass surveillance Databases by country Human rights Security National security Law enforcement Law enforcement techniques Crime prevention Counter-terrorism. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with German-language sources de All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from March Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 errors: requires URL CS1 Swedish-language sources sv Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Use dmy dates from November Use British English from March All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles to be expanded from May All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link from Wikidata Articles with Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy links Articles with NDL identifiers.
Namespaces Article Talk. During the trial, the statements of the eyewitnesses differed, creating uncertainty about the sequence of events. With surveillance in place, it would have been much easier to determine what happened and what level of justice was necessary in that circumstance. Surveillance equipment can be installed almost anywhere. The modern equipment for government surveillance can go almost anywhere. You can find cameras installed on telephone poles, stop lights, and in the ceilings and exterior of homes and businesses around the world.
There are automated license plate readers that can be installed almost anywhere to track driving patterns in the city. Drones can provide real-time surveillance as well. Then you have the secret programs of the government that can record and analyze data automatically on a mass scale. Government surveillance can occur on a global scale. This advantage includes anyone who has a foreign intelligence interest for the government.
That means we can even eavesdrop of foreign ambassadors, gather information about commodities, and then use all of this information to gain more leverage during negotiations. It is impossible to catch everything that happens in society. When the government is conducting surveillance on a mass scale, then it is impossible for the monitors to pay close attention to everything that happens in society.
The world is full of a variety of conversations that makes monitoring all of them an imprecise effort at best. From the words with double meanings to metaphors that alarm systems unintentionally, there is a lot of data to sort through. That reduces the chances to catch something of concern. Anyone can connect the dots in hindsight. When we take a look back at the various acts of violence that were captured through government surveillance, it is notable that many of the perpetrators tend to appear on watch lists because of the sheer amount of data collected. When Boston bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev was placed on a terrorist watch list before attacking the city during the marathon, it was much easier to see the behavioral patterns and actions that led to the event after the fact than it was to predict what his actions would be.
This issue creates a conundrum for government surveillance. You can always see clearly in retrospect. That means we tend to learn more when we start to connect the dots instead of trying to prevent problems in real time. Surveillance misses lead to even more data being collected on people. When there is a miss from government surveillance activities, then the reaction tends to be an ever-closer analysis of the information that was collected already. It can also lead the authorities to add even more surveillance to create additional data to sift through in the hopes that the real threats can be isolated from the false ones.
This outcome means that there will be more privacy invasions over time as AI and human investigators apply a mass-scrutiny policy to their review efforts. Government surveillance places innocent people under investigation. Even if the data collected through government surveillance creates a reasonable suspicion of conduct for the targeted person, there may not be a guarantee that the individual is guilty. We have already seen innocent people being placed on watch lists, having their lives placed underneath the microscope of an investigation, and it occurs with ever-fewer pieces of evidence that back up the scope of what is happening.
One of the biggest transformations we have seen in our society is the diminution of the sphere of the private. The government can use the information for its own benefit. The information that the government collects through surveillance can provide more data on behaviors and choices that go beyond the need for safety. This effort could help politicians discover unique data points which might predict voter behavior patterns in an election.
When the government can use the information from surveillance to influence people to vote or buy in specific ways, then they are changing the very fabric of society. It is an authoritarian way to govern without the presence of a dictator to direct traffic. Government surveillance sweeps gather more bystanders than subjects. In an analysis of the information gathered through FISA , the number of non-targeted communications are 10 times greater than the data that the government actually wants to analyze from a suspect.
Even if the goal is to spy on foreigners only, the huge volumes of data cannot help but to bring in information from email exchanges, photographs, social medial sharing, and conversations. Once the data is acquired, other law enforcement agencies can search through the information without the need to obtain a warrant in some situations. There is a persistent threat for insider abuse. There are already documented cases of agents in the government taking advantage of the data that surveillance programs collect information about others. It is easy to access this data to look at what is going on with a spouse, a mistress, or someone who is a personal enemy.
The problem is so prevalent that there are nicknames for these searches. The insider abuse of this data also applies in the form of attorney-client privilege. Governments are not bound to recognize this confidential nature of this relationship with the data that they collect. That means people could potentially incriminate themselves through surveillance even though they believe that there are protections in place while they prepare for their defense.