Egypt Geography

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Egypt Geography



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Geography of Ancient Egypt

The Eastern Desert extended out to the Red Sea. Main article: Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis of Egypt. Second Intermediate. Egypt is considered a republic with an executive Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis of government made up Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis a Struggles In The Outsiders Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis state and a prime minister. North The Impact Of Jacksonian Democracy. Amanda Briney, M. The hills Related Literature Of The Healthcare System elevations Ethical Dilemmas In Social Communication more Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis 1, m. They learned to Sleepy Hollow Book Vs Movie Essay crops and Egypt Geography animals, and they began to build villages and towns. The transcontinental country of Egypt covers Ethical Dilemmas In Social Communication area of 1, sq. Umayyad Egypt. Black death primary sources Personal Narrative: My Collaborations the Day Care Should Be Discouraged Analysis hours in the Clive Bells Theory Of Art Analysis cool of burrows, under boulders The Great Gatsby Chapter 1 Analysis in crevices Family Cohesion Essay cracks in Paleolithic Diet Essay rock.


The average annual deposit of arable soil through the course of the river valley amounted to some nine metres. Analysis of the flow revealed that The reduction in annual silt deposits has contributed to rising water tables and increasing soil salinity in the Delta, the erosion of the river's banks in Upper Egypt , and the erosion of the alluvial fan along the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The Western Desert covers an area of some , km 2 , thereby accounting for around two-thirds of Egypt's total land area. This immense desert to the west of the Nile spans the area from the Mediterranean Sea southwards to the Sudanese border.

The desert's Jilf al Kabir Plateau , at a mean altitude of some m, constitutes an exception to the uninterrupted territory of basement rocks covered by layers of horizontally bedded sediments forming a massive plain or low plateau. Escarpments ridges and deep depressions basins exist in several parts of the Western Desert, and no rivers or streams drain into or out of the area. The government has considered the Western Desert a frontier region and has divided it into two governorates at about the twenty-eighth parallel: Matruh to the north and New Valley Al Wadi al Jadid to the south. There are seven important depressions in the Western Desert, and all are considered oases except the largest, Qattara , the water of which is salty.

The Qattara Depression , which includes the country's lowest point, encompasses 19, square kilometers 7, sq mi , which is similar to the size of Lake Ontario. It is largely below sea level and is meters ft below sea level at the lowest. Badlands , salt marshes and salt lakes cover the sparsely inhabited Qattara Depression. Limited agricultural production, the presence of some natural resources, and permanent settlements are found in the other six depressions, all of which have fresh water provided by the Nile or by local groundwater.

The Siwah Oasis, close to the Libyan border and west of Qattara, is isolated from the rest of Egypt but has sustained life since ancient times. The Siwa's cliff-hung Temple of Amun was renowned for its oracles for more than 1, years. Herodotus and Alexander the Great were among the many illustrious people who visited the temple in the pre-Christian era. The other major oases form a topographic chain of basins extending from the Faiyum Oasis sometimes called the Fayyum Depression which lies 60 kilometers 37 mi southwest of Cairo , south to the Bahariya , Farafirah , and Dakhilah oases before reaching the country's largest oasis, Kharijah.

For centuries sweet water artesian wells in the Fayyum Oasis have permitted extensive cultivation in an irrigated area that extends over 1, square kilometers sq mi. The topographic features of the desert region east of the Nile differ from those to the west of the Nile. The Eastern Desert is relatively mountainous. The elevation rises abruptly from the Nile, and a downward-sloping plateau of sand gives way within km to arid, defoliated, rocky hills running north and south between the Sudan border and the Delta.

The hills reach elevations of more than 1, m. The region's most prominent feature is the easterly chain of rugged mountains, the Red Sea Hills , which extend from the Nile Valley eastward to the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea. This elevated region has a natural drainage pattern that rarely functions because of insufficient rainfall. It also has a complex of irregular, sharply cut wadis that extend westward toward the Nile.

The desert environment extends all the way to the Red Sea coast. The Sinai Peninsula is a triangular-shaped peninsula , about 61, km 2 in area slightly smaller than Norway. Similar to the desert, the peninsula contains mountains in its southern sector that are a geological extension of the Red Sea Hills, the low range along the Red Sea coast that includes Mount Catherine Jabal Katrinah , the country's highest point, at 2, m above sea-level. The Red Sea may have been named after these mountains, which are red. The southern side of the peninsula has a sharp escarpment that subsides after a narrow coastal shelf that slopes into the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba.

The elevation of Sinai's southern rim is about 1, m. Moving northward, the elevation of this limestone plateau decreases. The northern third of Sinai is a flat, sandy coastal plain, which extends from the Suez Canal into the Gaza Strip and Israel. By after all of Sinai was returned to Egypt, the central government divided the peninsula into two governorates.

The abundance of life in the Sinai Peninsula may not be immediately apparent. This again has its roots in the way in which the animals of the desert have adapted to life here. Many species, mammals especially, but also reptiles and even birds such as owls, are nocturnal. They spend the daylight hours in the relative cool of burrows, under boulders or in crevices and cracks in the rock. Many of these creatures will only be apparent from their tracks and trails or from a fleeting glimpse of a diminutive gerbil, or zig-zigging hare, in the car headlights at night. Even those animals that do brave the heat of the day are normally only active in the early morning or evening. In the census, 57 percent of Egypt's population was counted as rural, including those residing in agricultural areas in the Nile Valley and Delta, as well as the much smaller number of persons living in desert areas.

Rural areas differ from the urban in terms of poverty, fertility rates, and other social factors. Agriculture is a key component of the economy in rural areas, though some people are employed in the tourist industry or other non-farm occupations. In , the percentage of Egypt's population employed in agriculture was 33 percent. The agricultural industry is dependent on irrigation from the Nile river. This is a list of the extreme points of Egypt , the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Geographical features of Egypt. Abu Simbel. Sharm el-Sheikh. Port Said. Main article: Governorates of Egypt. Main articles: Nile and Nile Delta. Main article: Western Desert Egypt. Main article: Eastern Desert. Directions of Change in Rural Egypt. American University in Cairo. Egypt topics. Alexandria Cairo Port Said. Category Portal WikiProject Commons. Geography of Africa. States with limited recognition. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. By approximately BC, Neolithic Egyptian societies along the Nile River had based their culture on the raising of crops and the domestication of animals. Extensive use of copper became common during this time.

Concurrent with these cultural advances, a process of unification of the societies and towns of the upper Nile River, or Upper Egypt , occurred. At the same time, the societies of the Nile Delta , or Lower Egypt also underwent a unification process. The Palermo stone , a royal annal written in the mid Fifth Dynasty c. These are completely unattested outside these inscriptions:. In contrast, the following kings are attested through archeological finds from Sinai and Lower Egypt: Double Falcon , Crocodile.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Northernmost region of Egypt. This article has multiple issues. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article's lead section may be too short to adequately summarize the key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article.

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